People’s desire for travel is related to their immediate socio-physical environmentss and the appeal of the beyond. And this travel drive is an economic, environmental and sociological force of global proportions.
However, there is considerable debate surrounding the meaning of travel in terms of tourism. Much of this debate is concerned with the desirability of employing definitions based upon the activities that are engaged in or on the experiences that are derived from participation.
To some, tourism usually denotes a form of activity that takes place beyond a specific distance from the home or in a geographic, administrative jurisdiction different from one’s place of permanent residence. Tourism involves the motivation, preparatory experiences and expectations of people travelling - the tourist. It also enwraps the anticipations, adjustments and tolerances of the residents the hosts. And, it engages numerous organizations, agencies and institutions in catering to guest needs, wants and desires. To others, tourism is construed
as the science, art and business of attracting and transporting visitors, accommodating them and graciously catering to their needs and wants. Still to others, tourism is a means through which peoples may know and understand one another; human understanding being so essential in the world at this time.
Statisticians and market analysts have sought better descriptors for more entertainment; hospitality; art; architecture; dance; performing arts, etc. accurate accounting of tourism visitations. For instance, domestic tourists have been classified as visitors from within the country who stay a minimum of 24 hours and not more than one year for pleasure, recreation, sport, business, visiting friends and relatives, missions, conferences, health reasons, studies and religion.
International tourists are considered to be residents of one country visiting another for many or all of the same purposes as domestic tourists. For discussion purposes, general classifications could be as follows: tours; attractions; resorts; cruises; adventure. Evidently, a subclassification is feasible for each of these enumerations.